Addiction Counselling World magazine also lists 23 UK 12 Step fellowship groups in its current issue (including Survivors of Incest Anonymous, Workaholics Anonymous and Sex Addicts Anonymous).The ever-expanding world of 12 Step Recovery is hugely successful for a lot of people - according to research by Dr Bryan Hore at the University Hospital of South Manchester, 12 Step has a success rate of as high as 70 per cent.
'It doesn't work 100 per cent for everybody, but it's very effective for the majority.'Sansom, who was earning £1,200 a week and lived in a £1million mansion at the height of his career, is England's second most-capped full-back, but sold most of his caps as he descended into alcoholism.
He would later be photographed clutching empty wine bottles on park benches.
However, none of these outcomes are uniformly observed in ACOAs and none are specific to ACOAs.
Comorbid parental pathology, childhood abuse, family dysfunction, and other childhood stressors may contribute to or produce similar outcomes.
AA members can use this support system for life, and clinical psychologist Oliver James feels that this is a large part of AA's problem - people are encouraged to stay in AA for life.
Once you are an alcoholic you are always an alcoholic. "After a year with AA, you're like a Moonie and you're probably in a relationship with another AA member," says James.
So could it be the answer to Booze Britain's obsession with drinking?
The drug, which is recommended by NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) works by blocking the receptors that trigger the release of alcohol-related endorphins.
The NHS estimates that around 9 per cent of adult UK men and 4 per cent of women show signs of alcohol dependence Only 1 per cent of dependent drinkers access treatment in the UKThe number of people in treatment in 2013-14 increased by 5 per cent (5,237) from 109,863 in 2012-13In 2012, 178,247 prescriptions for drugs to treat alcohol dependency were prescribed 80,929 people started new alcohol treatment in England in 2013-2014 'It absolutely requires determination and input from the patient,' Dr Berkowitz adds. But the pill gives them the opportunity to restore themselves..they want to'.