Geometrical theories were known to ancient Indians and find display in motifs on temple walls, which are in many cases replete with mix of floral and geometric patterns. Basham, an Australian Indologist, writes in his book, The Wonder That was India that “…
Spinels are restricted to olivine-bearing assemblages, and display chemical trends characteristic of spinels found in arc-related cumulates.
Gabbroic and peridotitic layered rocks have trace element concentrations reflecting cumulates of early crystallizing minerals.
He has referred to Algebra (as Bijaganitam) in his treatise on mathematics named Aryabhattiya.
Another mathematician of the 12th century, Bhaskaracharya also authored several treatises on the subject – one of them, named Siddantha Shiromani has a chapter on algebra.
Physics – Concepts of atom and theory of relativity were explicitly stated by an Indian Philosopher around 600 BC.
Chemistry – Principles of chemistry did not remain abstract but also found expression in distillation of perfumes, aromatic liquids, manufacturing of dyes and pigments, and extraction of sugar.Sports & games – Ancient India is the birth place of chess, ludo, snakes and ladders and playing cards.Mathematics Mathematics represents a very high level of abstraction attained by human brain.The trace element patterns still retain the typical features of subduction-related arc magmatism, showing that the process of cumulate formation did not obscure the trace element signature of the parental magma.Using the composition of cumulus minerals and whole-rock chemical trends, we show that the parental magma was mafic (Si O units around the fayalite–magnetite–quartz (FMQ) buffer is also characteristic of primitive hydrous arc magmas.Civil engineering & architecture – The discovery of urban settlements of Mohenjodaro and Harappa indicate existence of civil engineering & architecture, which blossomed to a highly precise science of civil engineering and architecture and found expression in innumerable monuments of ancient India.