The NSA, alongside the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), maintains a physical presence in many countries across the globe; the CIA/NSA joint Special Collection Service (a highly classified intelligence team) inserts eavesdropping devices in high value targets (such as Presidential palaces or embassies).
intelligence organizations in terms of personnel and budget.
Soon, these companies publicly discontinued their collaboration. Stimson, who defended his decision by stating, "Gentlemen do not read each other's mail".
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A secret operation, code-named "MINARET", was set up by the NSA to monitor the phone communications of Senators Frank Church and Howard Baker, as well as major civil rights leaders, including Martin Luther King, Jr., and prominent U. journalists and athletes who criticized the Vietnam War. The NESTOR family of compatible secure voice systems it developed was widely deployed during the Vietnam War, with about 30,000 NESTOR sets produced. revealed that the NSA, in collaboration with Britain's SIGINT intelligence agency Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), had routinely intercepted the international communications of prominent anti-Vietnam war leaders such as Jane Fonda and Dr. In 1986, the NSA intercepted the communications of the Libyan government during the immediate aftermath of the Berlin discotheque bombing.
The NSA mounted a major effort to secure tactical communications among U. However a variety of technical and operational problems limited their use, allowing the North Vietnamese to exploit and intercept U. The White House asserted that the NSA interception had provided "irrefutable" evidence that Libya was behind the bombing, which U. President Ronald Reagan cited as a justification for the 1986 United States bombing of Libya.
The results of the investigation led to improvements and its redesignation as the National Security Agency.
In the 1960s, the NSA played a key role in expanding U. commitment to the Vietnam War by providing evidence of a North Vietnamese attack on the American destroyer USS Maddox during the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
According to the leaked documents, the NSA intercepts and stores the communications of over a billion people worldwide, including United States citizens.
The documents also revealed the NSA tracks hundreds of millions of people's movements using cellphones metadata. and was part of the war effort under the executive branch without direct Congressional authorization. At that point, the unit consisted of Yardley and two civilian clerks.
Thin Thread was cancelled when Michael Hayden chose Trailblazer, which did not include Thin Thread's privacy system.
Trailblazer Project ramped up in 2002 and was worked on by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Boeing, Computer Sciences Corporation, IBM, and Litton Industries.
Internationally, research has pointed to the NSA's ability to surveil the domestic Internet traffic of foreign countries through "boomerang routing". A code and cipher decryption unit was established as the Cable and Telegraph Section which was also known as the Cipher Bureau. During the course of the war it was relocated in the army's organizational chart several times. It absorbed the navy's Cryptanalysis functions in July 1918. Army cryptographic section of military intelligence, known as MI-8, in 1919, the U. government created the Cipher Bureau, also known as Black Chamber.