Eritrea Criteria: (ii)(iv) Located at over 2,000 m above sea level, the capital of Eritrea developed from the 1890s onwards as a military outpost for the Italian colonial power.
It bears living testimony to the use of limited resources for survival in the desert.
Water is supplied to the city through a qanat system developed to draw underground water.
The earthen architecture of Yazd has escaped the modernization that destroyed many traditional earthen towns, retaining its traditional districts, the qanat system, traditional houses, bazars, hammams, mosques, synagogues, Zoroastrian temples and the historic garden of Dolat-abad.
Denmark Criteria: (v) Kujataa is a subarctic farming landscape located in the southern region of Greenland.
Russian Federation Criteria: (ii)(iv) The Assumption Cathedral is located in the town-island of Sviyazhsk and is part of the monastery of the same name.
Situated at the confluence of the Volga, the Sviyaga and the Shchuka rivers, at the crossroads of the Silk and Volga routes, Sviyazhsk was founded by Ivan the Terrible in 1551.The landscape represents the earliest introduction of farming to the Arctic, and the Norse expansion of settlement beyond Europe.China Criteria: (ii)(iv) Kulangsu is a tiny island located on the estuary of the Chiu-lung River, facing the city of Xiamen.With the opening of a commercial port at Xiamen in 1843, and the establishment of the island as an international settlement in 1903, this island off the southern coast of the Chinese empire suddenly became an important window for Sino-foreign exchanges.Kulangsu is an exceptional example of the cultural fusion that emerged from these exchanges, which remain legible in its urban fabric.Turkey Criteria: (ii)(iii)(iv)(vi) Located in southwestern Turkey, in the upper valley of the Morsynus River, the site consists of two components: the archaeological site of Aphrodisias and the marble quarries northeast of the city.