Further diminutives can be added with the suffixes -ka, -ke, -kó, -csi, etc., e. Lacika, Ferike, Palkó and Julcsi as a diminutive respectively for László, Ferenc, Pál and Júlia.
Hypocorisms usually consist of the first syllable of the name with a diminutive suffix ending in -i (masculine) or -a or ý (feminine).
These words are familiar/informal versions of the underlying words.
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As evident from the above-mentioned examples, hypocorisms frequently demonstrate (indirectly) a phonological linguistic universal (or tendency) for high-pitched sounds to be used for smaller creatures and objects (here as more "cute" or less imposing names).
Higher-pitched sounds are associated with smaller creatures because smaller creatures can only make such high frequency sounds given their smaller larynxes.
Some of the stems change, particularly to more archaic forms of the name (e.g. Some masculine names take an -o suffix that is considered archaic form, present in Polish since pagan times.
Masculine names occasionally take an -a suffix, which is an archaic Slavic form In Portuguese, abbreviations of the name are common, as are suffixes for diminutive and augmentative.
The suffix -chan is typically added to a girl's name as a term of endearment. Outside of family, the suffix -kun typically implies a relationship between an authority (the caller) and a subordinate.
Thus, it is often used by teachers calling on male students, and a boss or supervisor calling on male employees.
Hypocorisms of first names are commonly based on truncation, only keeping the first (Max) or last (Hans) syllable(s), sometimes in contracted form as these examples show. Hypocorisms of first names are commonly based on truncation, only keeping the first (Kat-; Jul-) syllable, sometimes in contracted form as these examples show.
Often the ending -i is added to these truncated nameforms. Further diminutives can be added with the suffixes -lein, -(e)l or -chen, e. Often the ending -i is added to these truncated nameforms (Kati, Laci, Julcsi, Ági, Feri).
In French, for both male and female names, hypocorisms are most commonly formed by dropping the last syllable: A special case is the ending in -ick/ -ic, which is the French writing for the hypocoristic form in Breton "-ig", used for both genders. This diminutive, in its French form of "ick" or "ic", became in vogue for official names in the second half of the 20th century: In Breton, the diminutive form "...ig" can be given to any kind of names, nouns or adjectives, (un tammig, a few), while in French it relates only to given names. Often in Breton a hypocoristic form of a given name can be made by putting away the first syllable.